Featured

I should be looking at Andromeda

Bad light for galaxy view

It just isn’t dark enough. On the best of a bad lot, and in August – the sky right now is almost cloud free. Light pollution is the biggest culprit. I can see the Pegasus constellation which means I should be able to make out the Andromeda galaxy with just my naked eye.

If I had binoculars or a telescope I would find it quite easily but that’s not the point. It’s fantastic to be able to see another galaxy by looking up at the night sky if you are in a ‘good’ dark place.

 

Continue reading “I should be looking at Andromeda”

Featured

Big Up Bats UK

Bats of the UK and bats importance.

Find out more about our brilliant UK insect hunters.

Getting to know our night creatures and how we can help and support the ‘caped crusaders’ of the night sky – the brilliant bats. The best place for information on bats in the UK is The Bat Conservation Trust, it has absolutely everything you need to know and you don’t have to be a member in order to see the content.

Pipistrelle

Bat Fact

Bats are not blind; in fact they can see almost as well as humans. But to fly around and hunt for insects in the dark, they use a remarkable high frequency system called echolocation.

Echolocation works in a similar way to sonar. Bats make calls as they fly and listen to the returning echoes to build up a sonic map of their surroundings. The bat can tell how far away something is by how long it takes the sounds to return to them.

 

Bats-in-UK

 

 

Echo Location: A post I did on my other blog.

Featured

Ban Slug Pellets

Help Hedgehogs – Ban Slug Pellets.

Continuing my UK Wildlife theme as this month is quiet for me in astronomy!

 

As if hedgehogs don’t have enough problems with habitat loss – they are still under the threat of death due to the continued use of slug pellets.

hedgehog_by-mike_toms
UK Hedgehog.

After helping a hedgehog last week, my partner then found out it had died due to poisoning. Slug pellets being the culprit.

In a well maintained garden you should not need slug pellets. Personally, I think they should be banned. That hedgehog suffered an agonising death that was all so unnecessary.

We would like to thank The Cuan Rescue Center for all their work in helping and rescuing our UK Wildlife.

What To Do If You Find An Injured Hedgehog

Hedgehog Street Top Tips

There is currentley a petition to stop the decline of Hedgehogs in the UK. Click on the link below to sign it.

Give the hedgehog better legal protection in order to reverse its decline.

Featured

August Astronomy Remains Quiet

Not Enough Dark Sky

Constellations are hard to find with only a short time of dark sky. The Milky Way is a great view at this time, if you know where to look. I like to see it where I live because the view is usually quite bad with light pollution.

milky way map

Milky Way – Naked Eye Viewed

 

 

Featured

Another World Another Planet

Finding That Elusive One

Following the discovery of the planet Neptune in 1846, there was considerable speculation that another planet might exist beyond its orbit.

The search began in the mid-19th century and culminated at the start of the 20th with Percival Lowell’s quest for Planet X. Lowell proposed the Planet X hypothesis to explain apparent discrepancies in the orbits of the giant planets, particularly Uranus and Neptune, speculating that the gravity of a large unseen ninth planet could have perturbed Uranus enough to account for the irregularities.

Clyde Tombaugh’s discovery of Pluto in 1930 appeared to validate Lowell’s hypothesis, and Pluto was officially named the ninth planet. In 1978, Pluto was conclusively determined to be too small for its gravity to affect the giant planets, resulting in a brief search for a tenth planet.

The search was largely abandoned in the early 1990s, when a study of measurements made by the Voyager 2 spacecraft found that the irregularities observed in Uranus’s orbit were due to a slight overestimation of Neptune’s mass.

After 1992, the discovery of numerous small icy objects with similar or even wider orbits than Pluto led to a debate over whether Pluto should remain a planet, or whether it and its neighbours should, like the
asteroids, be given their own separate classification.

Although a number of the larger members of this group were initially described as planets, in 2006 the International Astronomical Union reclassified Pluto and its largest neighbours as dwarf planets, leaving Neptune the farthest known planet in the Solar System.

See more from above text

Diagram - Artists Impression
Suspected OrbitPointing To Planet X

 

Artist's Impression of TNO's
TNO’s
Featured

Apatheism – Is it a practical and misleading deity doubt monster?

Gif gallery galaxy
Dark Sky Eye

 

Apatheism also known as pragmatic atheism or practical atheism, is acting with apathy or disregard toward belief or disbelief in a deity or deities (a god or gods) due to the lack of reason, motivation, or will to express interest in theism.

An apatheist is someone who is not interested in accepting or denying any claims that gods exist or do not exist. An apatheist lives as if there are no gods and explains natural phenomena without reference to any deities. The existence of gods is not rejected, but may be designated unnecessary or useless; gods neither provide purpose to life, nor influence everyday life, according to this view.

In other words, apatheists consider the question of the existence of gods as neither meaningful nor relevant to their lives. Some apatheists hold that if it were possible to prove that God does or does not exist, their behavior would not change.

Source 

Featured

These resources of earth

Not exclusive to the human race

 

 

‘whatever your politics and beliefs – we can’t argue with the obvious. We have exploited our planet and taken its resources for granted.’

 

The Great Planet Earth of Life

Unique planet has intelligent life.

We found the light.

 

Jupiter-header-for-juno-july

We have earth.
We have earth.

Coleynotes_Isotope-media-headerz-f-chimneys

Featured

usual saturday then

Saturday is – quiet night in..
No Dead End
Look again..and again. No dead end exists.
Cloudy non naked eye dark sky tonight.

 

 

 

 

 

Our Old Dude
Our Old Dude – Ziggy

 

Saturday Quiet In

 

 

 

https://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/planets-similar-to-jupiter-are-likely-able-to-form-on-orbits-shorter-than-the-earths

 

 

Featured

Life is in a vent

Yeah, ok. Bad title! A good sort of idea for this post though. About our very own planet. Just a bit fascinated with Hydrothermal Vent’s at the moment.

Keep Asking The Difficult Questions

Custodite interrogans ænigmatibus.
Custodite interrogans ænigmatibus.

 

Continue reading “Life is in a vent”

Featured

I saw the corpus clock strike ahead

It was about time too!

my effort of an image of the corpus clock.
My own little photo of the Corpus Clock.

Because I’d read about it. Though I cannot explain it, I found some where, some one, that can…

It’s the Corpus Time Eater. Blink and you will miss it.

The Mechanics of the clock…

The Corpus Clock is a product of traditional mechanical clockmaking. It features the world’s largest grasshopper escapement, a low-friction mechanism for converting
pendulum motion into rotational motion while at the same time giving back to the pendulum the energy needed to maintain its swing.

The grasshopper escapement was an invention of the renowned eighteenth-century clockmaker John Harrison, and Taylor intended the Corpus Clock to be a homage to Harrison’s work.

Since “no one knows how a grasshopper escapement works”, Taylor “decided to turn the clock inside out” so that the escapement, and the escape wheel it turns, would be his clock’s defining feature.

 

Corpus_clock_haywired
Time going haywired

“The gold eyelids travel across the eye and disappear again in an instant; if you are not watching carefully you will not even notice…

Sometimes you will even see two blinks in quick succession. The Blink is performed by a hidden spring drive, controlled in the best tradition of seventeenth century clockmakers of London. The spring is coiled up inside a housing that can be seen mounted on the large gearwheel visibly protruding from the bottom of the mechanism. As the huge pendulum below the Clock rocks the Chronophage as he steps round the great escapewheel, each backward and forward movement is used by sprag clutches to wind up the drive spring. A position step prevents the spring from being overwound yet allows the spring to be ready at an instant to drive the Blink. The mechanism is released by a countwheel with semi random spacing so the Blink takes place at any position in the to- and fro- motion of the pendulum. A further countwheel mechanism chooses a single or a double blink whilst the air damper at the top of the gear train slows the action to a realistic pace.”

Main Source of this content is better seen here!

 

 

 

Featured

Giant Molecular Clouding is GMC

A vast assemblage of molecular gas with a mass of approximately 103 to 107 times the mass of the Sun is called a giant molecular cloud (GMC).

 

GMCs are around 15 to 600 light-years in diameter (5 to 200 parsecs). Whereas the average density in the solar vicinity is one particle per cubic centimetre, the average density of a GMC is a hundred to a thousand times as great.

Although the Sun is much more dense than a GMC, the volume of a GMC is so great that it contains much more mass than the Sun.

The substructure of a GMC is a complex pattern of filaments, sheets, bubbles, and irregular clumps.

Source

 

 

GMCs are so large that “local” ones can cover a significant fraction of a constellation; thus they are often referred to by the name of that constellation, e.g. the Orion Molecular Cloud (OMC) or the Taurus Molecular Cloud (TMC). These local GMCs are arrayed in a ring in the neighborhood of the Sun coinciding with the Gould Belt.
The most massive collection of molecular clouds in the galaxy forms an asymmetrical ring about the galactic center at a radius of 120 parsecs; the largest component of this ring is the Sagittarius B2 complex. The Sagittarius region is chemically rich and is often used as an exemplar by astronomers searching for new molecules in
interstellar space.

 

source

 

 

 

Featured

July belongs to Jupiter

‘We conquered Jupiter’ – July 2016

Juno Spacecraft and Instruments

The Juno spacecraft launched aboard an Atlas V-551 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on Aug. 5, 2011, and will reach Jupiter in July 2016. The spacecraft will orbit Jupiter 32 times, skimming to within 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers) above the planet’s cloud tops, for approximately one year.

Juno uses a spinning solar-powered spacecraft in a highly elliptical polar orbit that avoids most of Jupiter’s high radiation regions. The designs of the individual instruments are straightforward and the mission does not require the development of any new technologies.

image diagram of Juno Spacecraft.
Juno Spacecraft and instruments.

The Juno Mission Team

 

Jupiter on the BBC! An episode of the BBC’s Sky At Night is devoted to Juno on July 10th.

 

image/diagram of Juno's path to Jupiter
Juno will have to withstand intense radiation.

Jupiter the Gas Giant

News about Jupiter from past post’s.

 

 

Featured

Jupiter is so much more than images but I love them.

Image-of-jupiter
I do love images of Jupiter. So will Juno.

New friend called Juno arrived. Apparently, all old images of Jupiter will become irrelevant.

Whhaaat? All my great pix like this one will be outdated?

It is so good to see Jupiter in the news headlines everywhere – this planet has told us so much (Galilean moons) and yet we need to know so much more.

 

Continue reading “Jupiter is so much more than images but I love them.”

Featured

Tim Peake is hitting the ground and running

Continue reading “Tim Peake is hitting the ground and running”

Featured

Think of our environment everyday

Not Just On World Environment Day

We have earth.
We need to take care of this terra. 

 

Earth Impact

 

//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

 

 

 

Featured

Galaxy Sculptor of Star Formation

Is a Silver Coin a Silver Dollar? Neither, it’s galaxy NGC 253. 

Continue reading “Galaxy Sculptor of Star Formation”

Featured

A good clean drop?

The BBC in political turmoil.

hitchcock gif
Is this how the BBC ends?

Fight for the right of the Beeb

We need to keep

The Sky at Night

BBC at the twitter

 

//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js

Featured

mercury transit monday

Transit of Mercury

It Was Another Historical Astronomical Event

Mercury and The Sun

 

 

//platform.twitter.com/widgets.js
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/video_and_audio/headlines/36252487

 

 

 

 

Featured

the galileo hubble sight non collision

They met on the Milky Way

Before Galileo, it was thought that all bright objects in the sky were either the planets in the Solar System, moons, comets, or stars. Until the beginning of the twentieth century, astronomers did not know the size of the Universe, but speculated it to be about as big as the Milky Way.

In 1920, at the National Academy of Science, there was a big debate between Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis on whether nebulae are small globular clusters surrounding the Milky Way, or separate galaxies located farther away. Nothing was resolved at the debate; neither side was able to provide conclusive evidence to prove their side correct over their opponent.

In 1923, Edwin Hubble resolved the matter with a photograph that he took of the Andromeda Galaxy. What he found in his photograph was a very bright light source pulsing at a certain rate, a Cepheid variable, located outside the Milky Way. This can be used to determine the distance to it.

Hubble proved that the Universe was full of galaxies, and disproved that the Milky Way was the extent of the Universe. There are many types of galaxies in the Universe, elliptical, barred spiral galaxies; they vary in shape and size, but on average spiral galaxies are the most abundant.

Galaxy_morphology

 

Featured

Caldwell 44 barred spiral galaxy

NGC 7479 (also known as Caldwell 44) is a barred spiral galaxy about 105 million light-years away in the constellation Pegasus. It was discovered by William Herschel in 1784. Supernovae SN 1990U and SN 2009jf occurred in NGC 7479. NGC 7479 is also recognized as a Seyfert galaxy and a Liner undergoing starburst activity not only on the nucleus and the outer arms, but also across the bar of the galaxy, where most of the stars were formed in the last 100 million years.

Polarization studies of this galaxy indicate that it recently underwent a minor merger and that it is unique in the radio continuum, with arms opening in a direction opposite to the optical arms. This feature, along with the asymmetrical arms of the galaxy and the intense star formation activity are attributed to a merger with a smaller galaxy.

Small image of galaxy ngc7479
NGC 7479

 

Source

Featured

Schrodinger Equation and Quantum Mechanics

‘Schrödinger’s equation’

In quantum mechanics, the Schrödinger equation is a partial differential equation that describes how the quantum state of a quantum system changes with time. It was formulated in late 1925, and published in 1926, by the Austrian physicist Erwin Schrödinger.

atoms-and-molecules-techhydraWebsite

In classical mechanics Newton’s second law, (F = ma), is used to mathematically predict what a given system will do at any time after a known initial condition. In quantum mechanics, the analogue of Newton’s law is Schrödinger’s equation for a quantum system (usually atoms, molecules, and subatomic particles whether free, bound, or localized). It is not a simple algebraic equation, but in general a linearpartial differential equation, describing the time-evolution of the system’s wave function (also called a “state function”).

The concept of a wavefunction is a fundamental postulate of quantum mechanics. Although Schrödinger’s equation is often presented as a separate postulate, some authors show that some properties resulting from Schrödinger’s equation may be deduced just from symmetry principles alone, for example the commutation relations. Generally, “derivations” of the Schrödinger equation demonstrate its mathematical plausibility for describing wave-particle duality, but to date there are no universally accepted derivations of Schrödinger’s equation from appropriate axioms.

In the Copenhagen interpretation of quantum mechanics, the wave function is the most complete description that can be given of a physical system. Solutions to Schrödinger’s equation describe not only molecularatomic, and subatomic systems, but also macroscopic systems, possibly even the whole universe. The Schrödinger equation, in its most general form, is consistent with both classical mechanics and special relativity, but the original formulation by Schrödinger himself was non-relativistic.

The Schrödinger equation is not the only way to make predictions in quantum mechanics—other formulations can be used, such as Werner Heisenberg‘s matrix mechanics, and Richard Feynman‘s path integral formulation.

 

 

Featured

Dividing an Atom

The study of subatomic particles requires quantum mechanics.

The negatively charged electron has a mass equal to 11836 of that of a hydrogen atom. The remainder of the hydrogen atom’s mass comes from the positively charged proton.

atoms-and-molecules-techhydraWebsite
Atom diagram

Continue reading “Dividing an Atom”

Featured

I can see the lion from here

Leo in the night sky unfounded again due to cloud mass

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a8/LeoCC.jpg
Leo the lion constellation is easy to view – when cloud is not around.

My Leo Post

A dark nebula or absorption nebula is a type of interstellar cloud that is so dense it obscures the light from objects behind it, such as background stars and emission or reflection nebulae.

 

 

 

Featured

Formation of disk galaxies

The key properties of disk galaxies, which are also commonly called spiral galaxies, are that they are very thin, rotate rapidly, and often show spiral structure. One of the main challenges to galaxy formation is the great number of thin disk galaxies in the local universe. The problem is that disks are very fragile, and mergers with other galaxies can quickly destroy thin disks.

Continue reading “Formation of disk galaxies”

Featured

Solar System Active Star

The Sun is a magnetically active star. It supports a strong, changing magnetic field that varies year-to-year and reverses direction about every eleven years around solar maximum.

The Sun’s magnetic field leads to many effects that are collectively called solar activity, including sunspots on the surface of the Sun, solar flares, and variations in solar wind that carry material through the Solar System.

 

lemonslice_nebula_coleyartastro_in_spacesuit

 

The effects of solar activity on Earth include auroras at moderate to high latitudes and the disruption of radio communications and electric power. Solar activity is thought to have played a large role in the formation and evolution of the Solar System. Solar activity changes the structure of Earth’s outer atmosphere.

 
All matter in the Sun is in the form of gas and at high temperatures, plasma. This makes it possible for the Sun to rotate faster at its equator (about 25 days) than it does at higher latitudes (about 35 days near its poles). The differential rotation of the Sun’s latitudes causes its magnetic field lines to become twisted together over time, producing magnetic field loops to erupt from the Sun’s surface and trigger the formation of the Sun’s dramatic sunspots and solar prominences (see Magnetic reconnection).

 

 

This twisting action creates the solar dynamo and an 11-year solar cycle of magnetic activity as the Sun’s magnetic field reverses itself about every 11 years.

 

Featured

It Really Does Matter

Massive matter of mass

 

Matter should not be confused with mass, as the two are not quite the same in modern physics. For example, mass is a conserved quantity, which means that its value is unchanging through time, within closed systems.

However, matter is not conserved in such systems, although this is not obvious in ordinary conditions on Earth, where matter is approximately conserved.

Still, special relativity shows that matter may disappear by conversion into energy, even inside closed systems, and it can also be created from energy, within such systems.

However, because mass (like energy) can neither be created nor destroyed, the quantity of mass and the quantity of energy remain the same during a transformation of matter (which represents a certain amount of energy) into non-material (i.e., non-matter) energy. This is also true in the reverse transformation of energy into matter.

Dark Matter

 

ColeyArtAstro-BWPOSTER2

Featured

Venus and the transit of the sun

A transit of Venus across the Sun takes place when the planet Venus passes directly between the Sun and a superior planet, becoming visible against (and hence obscuring a small portion of) the solar disk. During a transit, Venus can be seen from Earth as a small black disk moving across the face of the Sun.

The duration of such transits is usually measured in hours (the transit of 2012 lasted 6 hours and 40 minutes). A transit is similar to a solar eclipse by the Moon. While the diameter of Venus is more than 3 times that of the Moon, Venus appears smaller, and travels more slowly across the face of the Sun, because it is much farther away from Earth.

See more..

Continue reading “Venus and the transit of the sun”

Featured

These Rings of Wonder

Saturn – The Ringed Planet

 

me-and-saturn
Sat turned head.

Although reflection from the rings increases Saturn’s brightness, they are not visible from Earth with unaided vision.

In 1610, the year after Galileo Galilei first turned a telescope to the sky, he became the very first person to observe Saturn’s rings, though he could not see them well enough to discern their true nature.

 

Coleycassini-Coleynotes01

 

 

 

Continue reading “These Rings of Wonder”

Featured

Life is blooming in tumbler land just with jupiter

gif-rose
Blooming life

 

 

 

Featured

Hubble is so important to our understanding (universe of cats)

Spiral Galaxy 

A spiral galaxy is a certain kind of galaxy originally described by Edwin Hubble in his 1936 work The Realm of the Nebulae and, as such, forms part of the Hubble sequence. Spiral galaxies consist of a flat, rotating disc containing stars, gas and dust, and a central concentration of stars known as the bulge. These are surrounded by a much fainter halo of stars, many of which reside in globular clusters.

Edwin will never know Hubble

hubble-kitten-cat-6mnthsold

Featured

UK’s First Astronaut In Space

Tim Peake

Just one month after boarding the International Space Station, Peake has completed his first Spacewalk with fellow astronaut Tim Kopra. It’s fair to say the UK was firmly gripped by “Spacewalk fever” on January 15 2015.

Spacewalk_ISS_Peake
Tim Peake takes a moment on the Spacewalk for a selfie.

UK astronaut Tim Peake described his first walk in space as “exhilarating”, as he posted photos – including a selfie – of the feat on Twitter.It will “be etched in my memory forever – quite an incredible feeling,” said Peake, the first astronaut representing the UK to carry out a spacewalk.He and US colleague Tim Kopra were outside the International Space Station (ISS) for four hours and 43 minutes.But their spacewalk was cut short after water leaked into Col Kopra’s helmet.The pair had already replaced a failed electrical box, which was their main objective.

Source – BBC News

UK newspaper The Guardian had this to say…

The moment was hardly lost on him. As Tim Peake clambered out of the International Space Station he nodded to the union flag emblazoned on his shoulder. To wear the patch was, he said, “a huge privilege, and a proud moment”.

Britain’s first European Space Agency astronaut began his maiden spacewalk shortly before 1pm on Friday as the orbiting station soared 250 miles above Australia. By the time he returned inside, he had circled the planet at least three times and witnessed six stunning sunsets or sunrises.

Emerging from the Quest airlock into the darkness of Earth’s shadow, Peake joined Nasa’s Tim Kopra for more than four hours of challenging work. Under the direction of ground staff in Houston, the astronauts overcame snagged tethers, a brief carbon dioxide scare, and a torn glove before the day was done.

Source

Featured

Saturn and Cassini again I say

logo planet head
Saturn Cassini Passed through My Head

Flybys are a major element of Cassini’s tour. The spacecraft’s looping, elliptical path around Saturn is carefully designed to enable occasional visits to the many moons in the system. All flybys provide an opportunity to learn more about Saturn’s icy satellites, and encounters with giant Titan are actually used to navigate the spacecraft, changing its orbit or setting up future flybys.
Many of the most exciting encounters are “targeted” flybys, for which Cassini’s flight path is steered so the spacecraft will pass by a specific moon at a predetermined distance, referred to as “closest approach.” Cassini’s targeted flybys have yielded incredible close-up views and many groundbreaking science results. Visits to Dione and Hyperion, for example, as well as the daring Oct. 2008 dives through the Enceladus plume, have provided some of the great highlights of the mission.

 

Featured

Richard Dawkins says UK cinemas should screen the Lord’s Prayer | World news | The Guardian

via Richard Dawkins says UK cinemas should screen the Lord’s Prayer | World news | The Guardian.

This is going to start the very dull “politically correct ” taking over Christmas usual stuff we get every year. The Cinema chain didn’t want to show it because that would remind people christmas means consumerism – you are a commodity, if you believe in God or not.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Featured

It’s Cassini importance that counts

sat-me01-cassini

 

 

They survey and sniff, analyze and scrutinize. And of course, they take stunning images in various visible spectra. The 12 science instruments onboard the Cassini spacecraft are seemingly capable of doing it all. Each instrument is designed to carry out sophisticated scientific studies of Saturn, from collecting data in multiple regions of the electromagnetic spectrum, to studying dust particles, to characterizing Saturn’s plasma environment and magnetosphere.

The instruments gather data for 27 diverse science investigations, providing scientists with an enormous amount of information on the most beautiful planet in our Solar System.

Cassini other instruments

 

coleyartfiasco-cassini

 

 

 

 

 

 

Featured

Lepus is under Orion

When the sky is clear – you can even see Lepus on the horizon

I can make out Lepus tonight with my naked eye. The best view so far this autumn. Of course, Orion looks glorious as it always does on a clear night, though I find it much harder to see Lepus in such detail usually.

Lepus is a constellation lying just south of the celestial equator, immediately south of Orion. Its name is Latin for hare. Although the hare does not represent any particular figure in Greek mythology, Lepus was one of the 48 constellations listed by the 2nd century astronomer Ptolemy, and it remains one of the 88 modern constellations. It is located below the constellation Orion (the hunter), and is sometimes represented as a hare being chased by Orion or, alternatively, by Orion’s hunting dogs.

lepus-constellation

Orion and Lepus clip

Quote is via Wiki

This constellation should not be confused with Lupus, the wolf.

 

 

 

Featured

Astronomy halloween with jupiter ghost

 

William Herschel discovered the nebula on February 7, 1785, and cataloged it as H IV.27. John Herschel observed it from the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa, in the 1830s, and numbered it as h 3248, and included it in the 1864 General Catalogue as GC 2102; this became NGC 3242 in J. L. E. Dreyer’s New General Catalogue of 1888.

This planetary nebula is most frequently called the Ghost of Jupiter, or Jupiter’s Ghost due to its similar size to the planet, but it is also sometimes referred to as the Eye Nebula.

The nebula measures around two light years long from end to end, and contains a central white dwarf with an apparent magnitude of eleven. The inner layers of the nebula
were formed some 1,500 years ago.

The two ends of the nebula are marked by FLIERs, lobes of fasting moving gas often tinted red in false-color pictures. NGC 3242 can easily be observed with amateur telescopes, and appears bluish-green to most observers. Larger telescopes can distinguish the outer halo as well.

 

 

Featured

definition of astronomer amateur

Amateur astronomy is a hobby whose participants enjoy watching the sky, and the abundance of objects found in it with the unaided eye, binoculars, or telescopes. Even though scientific research is not their main goal, many amateur astronomers make a contribution to astronomy by monitoring variable stars, tracking asteroids and discovering transient objects, such as comets and novae.

The typical amateur astronomer is one who does not depend on the field of astronomy as a primary source of income or support, and does not have a professional degree or advanced academic training in the subject. Many amateurs are beginners or hobbyists, while others have a high degree of experience in astronomy and often assist and work alongside professional astronomers.

Constellation-Orion-NakedEyeDarkSky

Amateur astronomy is usually associated with viewing the night sky when most celestial objects and events are visible, but sometimes amateur astronomers also operate during the day for events such as sunspots and solar eclipses. Amateur astronomers often look at the sky using nothing more than their eyes, but common tools for amateur astronomy include portable telescopes and binoculars.

People have studied the sky throughout history in an amateur framework, without any formal method of funding. It is only within about the past century, however, that amateur astronomy has become an activity clearly distinguished from professional astronomy, and other related activities.

Source

Bigger than the average tadpole

Tadpole galaxy image distortion set.

Frogs, or any other little green living things, have yet to be discovered.

The Tadpole Galaxy is a disrupted barred spiral galaxy located 420 million light-years from Earth toward the northern constellation Draco. Its most dramatic features are a trail of stars about 280,000 light-years long and massive, bright blue star clusters.

HST image of Tadpole Galaxy
Huge Tadpole.

It is hypothesized that a more compact intruder galaxy crossed in front of the Tadpole Galaxy—from left to right from the perspective of Earth—and was slung around behind the Tadpole by their mutual gravitational attraction.

During this close encounter, tidal forces drew out the spiral galaxy’s stars, gas, and dust, forming the conspicuous tail. The intruder galaxy itself, estimated to lie about 300 thousand light-years behind the Tadpole, can be seen through foreground spiral arms at the upper left. Following its terrestrial namesake, the Tadpole Galaxy will likely lose its tail as it grows older, the tail’s star clusters forming smaller satellites of the large spiral galaxy.

Read More On Wikipedia

 

Tour Tadpole Galaxy 

UK Wildlife At Night

How the stats are looking in 2016

I need many more sources of information, these are average examples though you cannot quote me on that.

 

The Hen Harrier Situation – End of July, early August, this is the latest..

Pipistrelle.jpg

 

These shares are respected by me, though I cannot confirm these addresses are checked by any of my accounts.

RSPB England

Wild About Gardens UK  bats

Brown_Long-Eared

 

Wild About Gardens Week 2016 is a joint initiative by the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS), The Wildlife Trusts and Bat Conservation Trust to Encourage people to support wildlife in their gardens, with a focus on our UK bats.